• The system acts as a vise, promoting change in young people via therapeutic interventions (and thus pushing them to grow), but preventing them from realizing the effects of change, by imposing enormous barriers to change, through everything from access to housing, mental health care, employment, to providing access to the social and human capital necessary for change.  Young people are thus pushed and pulled, and their development is squelched.
  • The system is thus a vice--it is, in and of itself, doing harm.
  • There are historical foundations for this approach to children: the past is sedimented in the present system through its focus on demanding deference and responsibility amongst largely 'other people's children.'
  • Young people's demonstration of responsibility is fetishized over and above their capacity to build and sustain relationships, to grow and develop, and to get out and stay out of the criminal justice system.